Tumor cachexia or malnutrition has a profound impact on the physical, psychological and social development of these patients, because they have an altered metabolism, marked by an increase wastage of protein and fat, causing the loss of muscle mass, additionally these patients carbohydrate metabolism is modified by the rate at which tumors develop and grow with decreased hepatic glucose production and decreased insulin sensitivity in peripheral tissues.
These alterations contribute to increased energy expenditure and may lead to a progressive loss of metabolism and muscle mass, however, despite the hyper metabolism and weight loss for these patients they can be exacerbated by increased stress or pain, infection and surgeries. Nutrient intake in these patients is diminished oral most canceled due to the side effects of chemotherapy, and radiation, all these conditions promote malnutrition affecting survival of patients.
Our program considers the nutritional status of the patients highly important, this has an important role in the activation of the immune response, patients receive specific counseling by trained personnel for these special conditions, with the objective that the patient will make better changes in their nutritional habits, oriented to prevention or correction of malnutrition, and improve in an indirect form the activation of the immune system.
Patients also receive an orientation of the food groups that have demonstrated benefits in patients with cancer and also receive an orientation to the food groups that should be prohibited or eliminated from their diet.